The Archaeological Spots of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa


The excavation of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa started out within the past due 1820s, while Charles Masson, a British explorer in India, observed the ruins of a misplaced city. these had been the first actual proof of Harappan civilization that existed on this location thousands of years ago.

nearly a century later, excavation paintings for the discovery of Mohenjo Daro additionally commenced. each of these archaeological websites shows that the north-western vicinity of South Asia, that’s now Pakistan remained a home of Indus Valley Civilization from three,3300 BC to 1,900 BC.

Archaeologists trust that those ruins should liberate some of the most incredible secrets and techniques of the Indus Valley Civilization. Efforts are being made to keep the historic historical past of the Indus Basin from diminishing.


Mohenjo Daro and Harappa are two of the area’s oldest settlements. The infrastructure of both the websites was so sturdy that it still exists within the form of ruins. on this weblog, we are able to be exploring the 2 one at a time.


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The UNESCO international history website of Mohenjo Daro is located in the province of Sindh, a 37-minute drive from Larkana. it’s far one of the most well-known historical locations in Sindh. Moen Jo Daro method ‘Mound of the dead men’ in Sindhi, which is a language spoken locally.


consistent with the findings of the archeologists, the city of Mohenjo Daro turned into constructed around twenty-sixth Century BC, making it one in every of the biggest settlements of the historic instances. It changed into one of the fundamental city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, aka, Harappan Civilization.

Mohenjo Daro turned into a sophisticated metropolis as its ruins display signs of extraordinary civil engineering and urban making plans strategies. aside from this settlement, Harappa, Lothal, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, and Dholavira have been the urban centers of the Indus Valley Civilization, prolonged to the Iranian Border.


For over 3,700 years, the archaeological gem of Mohenjo Daro remained undocumented. however, after some impediment findings, massive-scale excavations to unearth the web page of Mohenjo Daro started out inside The Twenties. It was led via John Marshall, who changed into the Director well known of Archeological Survey of India at that point.

In 1965, the excavation paintings on the site of Mohenjo Daro came to a halt as the area became displaying the signs of climate harm. In 1980, further probing of the location turned into achieved by using Italian and German survey businesses to dig deeper into the secrets of Mohenjo Daro.

best 4 years ago, in 2015, dry core drilling was performed with the aid of Pakistan’s national finances at this website, the findings of which surprised every person. A massive part of the ancient site has nevertheless no longer been unearthed.

Urban Infrastructure

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Mohenjo Daro had a cautiously planned infrastructure. in line with an estimation referred to in Oxford handbook of cities in international records, the metropolis had a population of around forty,000 humans.

The ruins of this metropolis trace closer to a commendable stage of the social employer. Mohenjo Daro is known to have massive public baths, assembly halls, homes with internal courtyards and also some multiple stories buildings.

The excavation work executed until a date in Mohenjo Daro has unearthed over seven-hundred water wells in this city of historical times. these findings are obvious proof of the effectiveness of the water supply device that existed in Mohenjo Daro.

artifacts a massive range of artifacts were determined because of the excavations carried out in Mohenjo Daro. these consist of gear crafted from copper and stone, figures and sculptures, balance-scale and weights, earrings articles and toys. these gadgets had been preserved in the countrywide Museum of Pakistan in Karachi.


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A big range of artifacts has been determined as a result of the excavations performed in Mohenjo Daro. these encompass equipment made from copper and stone, figures and sculptures, balance-scale and weights, jewelry articles and toys. these objects were preserved in the countrywide Museum of Pakistan in Karachi.

Traveling to Mohenjo Daro

If you are planning to journey to the historical web page of Mohenjo Daro by means of air from Karachi, then it’s going to take you around an hour to get there. Mohenjo Daro airport lacks increase infrastructure, because of this simplest smaller aircraft ought to land right here. The fee of a one-manner ticket to/from Mohenjo Daro is around PKR 6,000.

With the help of Khushal Khan Khattak express, you may get to Dokri, that is the only nearest railway station to Mohenjo Daro. The teach leaves Karachi at around nine pm each night time and it will take you nine hours to get there. The price tag fare for a non-air-conditioned seat in a teach from Karachi to Mohenjo Daro is PKR four hundred, which goes up to PKR a thousand for an air-conditioned seat.

Many locals and vacationers’ journey from the city of Larkana to Mohenjo Daro with the help of rickshaws and taxis. Hiring a taxi to travel the gap among Larkana and Mohenjo Daro can cost you around PKR 500-1000. Rickshaw appears to be a greater low-cost choice that may be hired simplest for around PKR 200.



Harappa is a completely well-known archaeological web page positioned at a distance of 24 km from Sahiwal in Punjab. the present-day the village that inspired the name of this historical website online is situated simply at a distance of 1 km from Harappa ruins. remains of the Bronze Age fortified the town, which changed into a part of the Indus Valley Civilization, have been located at this web page.


Harappan Civilization predates to 6000 BC. it’s far the oldest known civilization, with monetary and social systems and urban centers. The Indus Valley Civilization stretched from Himalayan foothills to Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan and Gujrat in South East India.

The site online of Harappa suffered splendid damage within the yr. 1857 because of the development work is done for the railway link among the cities of Lahore and Multan.


Harappa becomes initially located inside the 1820s however no impediment excavation work become completed at the site then. however, after the discovery and excavation of Mohenjo Daro, the interest of archaeologists accelerated inside the records of the Indus Valley Civilization. This renewed hobby made them rediscover the ancient metropolis of Harappa and start excavation paintings on this web site with a sparkling angle.

City Infrastructure

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Comprising a powerful urban infrastructure, the metropolis of Harappa changed into once domestic to 23,000 citizens. This historic urban the settlement included a complete place of a hundred and fifty hectares, generally having clay brick homes.

both Mohenjo Daro and Harappa had comparable urban layouts and making plans. The infrastructure of the city of Harappa had individual and mixed dwelling quarters, brick homes with flat roofs, fortified no secular and administrative centers.



some of the maximum outstanding artifacts have been unearthed from the web page of Harappa. these precious items include seals engraved with animal and human motifs, stone and copper tools, ornamental embellishes, hand-modeled sculptures, toys, and jewelry articles. most of those artifacts were preserved in the Archaeological Museum positioned in Harappa, Punjab.

Journeying to Harappa

Being the nearest city to Harappa, an internationally famous archaeological site, Sahiwal serves as the primary hub for traffic and travelers. Harappa is best 45 mins’ power far from Sahiwal. With a fare of only PKR 15, a public bus from Sahiwal to Harappa leaves after every 30 minutes.

The fare for a minibus that can also take you to Harappa from Sahiwal is PKR 20. Rickshaws and taxis can also be hired for traveling to Harappa with one-sided fares amounting to PKR 350 and PKR 500, respectively. From ancient web sites of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa to the wondrous sites of natural beauty, Pakistan is a captivating us to discover. So, if you want to read more exciting tales like this, subscribe to Rightdeed blog, the maximum specific lifestyle and travel blog of Pakistan.

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